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The third chapter by Martin Haiden ''On Bare Prosodic Structure and the Spell-Out of Features'' argues for a parallel model of phonology and syntax to solve the look-ahead problem posed by Classic Arabic medial gemination and other phenomena. According to his model, phonology does not apply after syntax but the two components apply in parallel in a single cycle. The interface representations are created recursively in both components and mediated by the transparent mapping principle to the effect that PHON, SEM pairs must remain unchanged throughout a derivation.

Hisao Tokizaki's chapter ''Spell Out before You Merge'' is concerned with a paradox in direction between the bottom-up Multiple Spell-Out model and the Left-to-Right top-down linearization.

Lexical Semantics, Syntax, and Event Structure (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)

To resolve this paradox, he proposes that a lexical item is introduced in the syntax with a syntactic bracket and Spelled-Out to PF at the same time, ensuring the top-down nature of linearization, with the semantic features kept in the workspace until Merge constructs vP and CP phases, as is commonly assumed in Phase Theory.

He further argues that syntactic brackets are real objects since they are mapped to silent deliberates that have definable phonological and parsing consequences at the phonological interface. Dalina Kallulli's chapter ''On the Derivation of the Relation between Givenness and Deaccentuation: A Best-Case Model'' addresses the issue of the division of labor between the different components of grammar with a detailed case study of deaccentuation of given discourse material in English, Albanian, and Modern Greek.

Drawing on the best case scenario laid out by Chomsky , whereby the derivation of proceeds in parallel, she proposes that the givenness of an embedded CP must be expressed within the syntax by a feature of a functional head, which is instantiated either by clitic-like elements or deaccentuation. He shows that this type of movement should be prohibited under the Cyclic Linearization model of Fox and Pesetsky , when combined with two independently motivated restrictions on movement: the ban against complement-to-specifier movement within the same phrase Abels and the ban against movement from one specifier to another within the same phrase Ko He proposes that this problem is resolved once we assume that elements that have unvalued features in the computation are unparsed for the purposes of Spell-Out and linearization.

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In the chapter entitled ''Surviving Reconstruction'', Thomas Stroik and Michael Putnam discuss well-known reconstruction asymmetries with respect to Principle C. They provide empirical and conceptual problems e. The essential ingredient of this theory is that a syntactic object with an unchecked feature remains active in the Numeration to be accessible to syntactic computation.


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According to his view, Phases are themselves interfaces that obey the conditions imposed from syntax and the C-I System. Saleemi argues that this reconceptualization of the grammatical architecture allows for a new account of several empirical domains, including right dislocation in Urdu -Hindi , polarity items, and binding. In his chapter ''Dynamic Economy of Derivation'', Takashi Toyoshima attempts to situate the derivational complexity of syntax within the theory of computational complexity developed in mathematics and information science.

Specifically, he proposes a dynamic economy principle of minimum feature retention such that at a stage of the derivation, the operation is chosen that leaves the fewest number of uninterpretable features in the resulting stage of the same derivation. The idea behind this principle is that local one-step look-ahead is the very essence of the syntactic computation; what is avoided is the derivationally look-far-ahead.

This principle resolves mis-generation problems with analyses that resort to static economy measures such as local economy, lexical subarrays, and the Preference for Move over Merge. Given the Unconstrained-Merge vision of the syntactic derivation, it is solely conditions imposed from the C-I System that decide which structures are usable for conceptual organization. According to this view, Ott concludes, the primary task of the theorists is to elucidate C-I properties to give substance to the notion of propositionality. As stated in Scheer's chapter, this dynamic architecture leads theorists to serious examination of a wide variety of phonological and semantic issues that have not received the attention they deserve and concomitant reconceptualization of the computational component from a syntax-external perspective.

I take this move as a welcome result given the recent minimalist conjecture Chomsky ; see also Hauser et al. In this regard, the present volume certainly serves as an excellent showcase for the state of the art in interface investigations. As for the other half of the concern of the present volume, Phase Theory, however, things are still up in the air. No agreement has been reached yet on what Phases are and what they are for within the syntax after a decade since Chomsky laid them out.

One major reason for this state of affairs, I believe, is that every linguist working within Phase Theory has quite a different take on it without ever asking what Phase Theory can do and perhaps more importantly what Phase Theory cannot do. Toyoshima's attempt to frame the issue of the syntactic derivation within the mathematical theory of computational complexity and Stroik and Putnam's proposal for a fully local derivational theory in terms of Survive see also Geraci's proposal mentioned above sheds light on this issue, but it does not seem to be of central importance to minimalist syntacticians at this point.

Combining the two points made above, the current volume makes clear two directions of research one could pursue within the Minimalist Program. One is to elucidate the properties of the syntactic component from a domain-general perspective along the lines of Chomsky's 'Third-Factor'' ; the other is to investigate sound and meaning-related phenomena and understand how syntax should work to capture them from an external perspective. Biolinguistics; Chomsky or is relegated to external interfaces. The InterPhases Conference was definitely the biggest conference on Phase Theory and Interfaces ever held, which brought together some linguists in Nicosia to exchange ideas on various issues regarding these topics.

As a participant of the conference myself, I am confident that the volume bears testimony to the exciting week back in May I recommend this volume to linguists and advanced graduate students who are interested in Phase Theory and linguistic interfaces. In: Giannakidou, A. Rathert eds. Radical decomposition and argument structure. Kennedy, C. In: Mathews, T.

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Strolovitch eds. Ithaca: CLC Publications. Kratzer, A. In: Rooryck, J. Zaring eds. Dordrecht: Kluwer. Laskowski, R. In: Grzegorczykowa R. Marantz, A. Proceedings of the 21st Annual Penn Linguistics Colloquium. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics 4. Pylkkanen, L. Introducing Arguments. Rappaport Hovav, M. In: Butt, M.


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